Instilling students with a passion for learning happens every day inside our small, 亲密的教室. But it goes beyond that; we also believe in engaging and empowering you through an abundance of experimental-learning opportunities that happen outside the classroom. It's called high-impact learning – where you get the chance to roll up your sleeves, 运用你所学到的知识, 并真正解决挑战并提出解决方案.
Many schools now build into the curriculum first-year seminars or other programs that bring small groups of students together with faculty or staff on a regular basis. The highest-quality first-year experiences place a strong emphasis on critical inquiry, 经常写作, 信息素养, 协作学习, 以及其他培养学生智力和实践能力的技能. First-year seminars can also involve students with cutting-edge questions in scholarship and with faculty members’ own research.
旧的“核心”课程理念已经演变成各种各样的现代形式, such as a set of required common courses or a vertically organized general education program that includes advanced integrative studies and/or required p艺术icipation in a learning community. (见下文.这些节目通常结合了广泛的主题.g., 科技与社会, global interdependence – with a variety of curricular and co-curricular options for students.
The key goals for learning communities are to encourage integration of learning across courses and to involve students with “big questions” that matter beyond the classroom. Students take two or more linked courses as a group and work closely with one another and with their professors. Many learning communities explore a common topic and/or common readings through the lenses of different disciplines. 有些人故意把“文科”和“专业课”联系起来.其他的则以服务学习为特色.
These courses emphasize writing at all levels of instruction and across the curriculum, 包括最后一年的项目. Students are encouraged to produce and revise various forms of writing for different audiences in different disciplines. The effectiveness of this repeated practice “across the curriculum” has led to parallel efforts in areas such as quantitative reasoning, 口头交流, 资讯素养及, 在一些校园里, 道德调查.
Collaborative learning combines two key goals: learning to work and solve problems in the company of others, and sharpening one’s own understanding by listening seriously to the insights of others, 尤其是那些有着不同背景和生活经历的人. 方法包括课程中的学习小组, 以团队为基础的作业和写作, 合作项目和研究.
Many colleges and universities now provide research experiences for students in all disciplines. 本科 research, however, has been most prominently used in science disciplines. With strong support from the National Science Foundation and the research community, scientists are reshaping their courses to connect key concepts and questions with students’ early and active involvement in systematic investigation and research. 腾讯5分彩的目标是让学生参与积极的提问, 经验主义的观察, cutting-edge technologies and the sense of excitement that comes from working to answer important questions.
Many colleges and universities now emphasize courses and programs that help students explore cultures, 生活经历, 和他们自己不同的世界观. 这些研究可能会解决美国的问题.S. 多样性, 世界文化或两者兼而有之——经常探索“困难的差异”,例如种族, 种族和性别不平等, 或者继续在全球范围内为人权而斗争, 自由与权力. 经常, intercultural studies are augmented by experiential learning in the community and/or by 出国留学.
eportfolio是AAC的最新产品&美国大学的高影响力教育实践清单, and higher education has developed a range of ways to implement them for teaching and learning, 规划评估, 以及职业发展. 电子作品集使学生可以随时通过电子方式收集他们的工作, 反思他们的个人和学术成长, 然后与他人共享选定的项目, 比如教授, 顾问和潜在雇主. 因为随着时间的推移收集是ePortfolio过程的一个关键元素, employing ePortfolios in collaboration with other high-impact practices provides opportunities for students to make connections between various educational experiences.
在这些项目中, field-based “experiential learning” with community p艺术ners is an instructional strategy – and often a required p艺术 of the course. The idea is to give students direct experience with issues they are studying in the curriculum and with ongoing efforts to analyze and solve problems in the community. A key element in these programs is the opportunity students have to both apply what they are learning in real-world settings and reflect in a classroom setting on their service experiences. These programs model the idea that giving something back to the community is an important college outcome, 与社区伙伴一起工作是成为公民的良好准备, 工作与生活.
实习是另一种越来越普遍的体验式学习形式. The idea is to provide students with direct experience in a work setting – usually related to their career interests – and to give them the benefit of supervision and coaching from professionals in the field. 如果实习是为了课程学分, 学生完成一个项目或论文，由教师批准.
无论它们被称为“高级顶石”还是其他名字, these culminating experiences require students nearing the end of their college years to create a project of some sort that integrates and applies what they’ve learned. 这个项目可能是一篇研究论文, 一个性能, 作品集:“最佳作品”的作品集或艺术作品展览. Capstones are offered both in dep艺术mental programs and, increasingly, in general education as well.
来源: 保证质量 & 将高影响力实践推广 乔治·D. Kuh和Ken O 'Donnell，以及Sally Reed的案例研究. 华盛顿特区:AAC&U, 2013). 有关LEAP的信息和更多资源和研究，请参见 http://www.aacu.org/leap.